On a low memory system such as a VPS with less than 512MB of RAM, it is always good to create a swap file.
# Allocate 1GB of disk space for swap file. fallocate -l 1G /tmp/swapfile # Set permission. chmod 600 /tmp/swapfile # Make it a swap file. mkswap /tmp/swapfile # Turn swap file on. swapon /tmp/swapfile # Show memory and swap used. free -h # Show swap file / partition. swapon --show # Remove swap. swapoff -v /tmp/swapfile rm /tmp/swapfile
- If you run
swapon /tmp/swapfileand get the error message: "swapon: /tmp/swapfile: swapon failed: Invalid argument". Ensure that /tmp/swapfile is not on the memory filesystem. Change swapfile path to a normal filesystem partition.
- If you get bash: mkswap: command not found, then install util-linux package:
apt-get install util-linux. If the package is already installed, then just call the executable using the the full paths, i.e.